Louis Pasteur’s biography

1822 December 27th : Louis Pasteur’s birth in Dole (Jura, France)
1831 Pasteur studies at the Arbois secondary school
1839 Departure to the Royal College of Besançon
1840 Successful candidate for the literature baccalauréat in Besançon. Maître d’études at the College of Besançon
1842 Successful candidate for the mathematical sciences baccalauréat in Dijon
1843 Accepted at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris
1845 Bachelor of Science
1846 Appointed physics professor at the Tournon high school (Ardèche), but stays on at the Ecole Normale Supérieure as a qualified demonstrator. Study of crystals
1847 Doctor of Science
1848 Appointed physics professor at the Dijon high school. Appointed substitute chemistry professor at the science university of Strasbourg. Research on dimorphism. Historic paper on the distinction between sodium ammonium paratartrate and tartrate.
1849 Pasteur’s wedding with Miss Marie Laurent, daughter of the Strasbourg University rector. Research on the specific properties of the two acids that make up racemic acid.
1851 Paper by Pasteur on aspartic and malic acids.
1852 New research on relationships that can exist between crystalline forms, chemical composition and the direction of rotatory polarisation.
1853 Pasteur is made Knight of the Imperial Order of the Legion of Honour. He obtains the prize of the Pharmacy Society of Paris for the synthesis of racemic acid. Paper on the discovery of the transformation of tartaric acid into racemic acid, discovery of the optically inactive tartaric acid.
1854 Pasteur is nominated Dean of the University of Science at Lille.
1855 Beginning of studies on fermentation, presentation in Lille of a paper on amyl alcohol.
1856 Beginning of researches on alcoholic fermentation.
1857 Appointed administrator of the Ecole Normale and director of scientific studies of this school. Paper on lactic fermentation. Paper on alcoholic fermentation.
1858 Installation of his laboratory in the attic of the Ecole Normale in Paris, rue d’Ulm. Survey by Pasteur on so-called “spontaneous” generations.
1859 Experimental physiology prize from the Academy of Science for his work on fermentations.
1860 Air sampling at Arbois to investigate the issue of so-called “spontaneous” generation. Examination of the doctrine of so-called “spontaneous” generation.
1861 Jecker prize from the Academy of Science for his work on fermentations. Publication in the bulletin of the Chemistry Society of Paris of all his results on vinegar.
1862 Election at the Academy of Science (mineralogy section). Studies on mycoderma and on the role of these plants in acetic fermentation. Alhumbert prize for his research on spontaneous generation.
1863 Napoléon III asks Pasteur to study wine diseases Studies on wine – the influence of air oxygen on vinification. Nominated Professor of Applied Geology, Physics and Chemistry at the National College of Fine Arts
1864 Installation of a laboratory at Arbois for his research on wine
1865 Practical process for improving wine conservation. Studies on silkworm diseases, work on pasteurisation.
1866 Publication of the paper “Studies on wine”. Publication of an essay on the scientific work of Claude Bernard.
1867 Creation of a physiological chemistry laboratory at the Ecole Normale. Appointed Professor of organic chemistry at the Sorbonne. Great Prize from the Universal Exhibition for his studies on wine. Resignation from his administrative duties at the Ecole Normale.
1868 Degree as a medical doctor at the University of Bonn. Pasteur suffers from a stroke affecting his left side. Commander of the Legion of Honour. Publication of his studies on vinegar.
1870 Publication of his studies on silkworm diseases.
1871 Studies on beer.
1873 Elected Member of the Academy of Medicine
1876 Publication of his studies on beer.
1877 Paper on the alteration of urine. Studies on anthrax. Studies on septicaemia.
1878 Nominated Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour. Publication of the paper “Germ theory and its applications to medicine and surgery”. Papers on chicken cholera. Research on gangrene, septicaemia and puerperal fever.
1879 Paper on plague. Discovery of immunisation by attenuated cultures.
1880 Becomes Member of the Central Society of Veterinary Medicine. Paper on virulent diseases (Pasteur introduces the principle of attenuated-virus vaccines). Beginning of his research on rabies.
1881 Nominated Grand Cross Holder of the Legion of Honour. Anthrax vaccine. Work on yellow fever near Bordeaux. Election to the French Academy.
1882 Paper on contagious pleuropneumonia of horned animals. Studies on swine erysipelas.
1883 Vaccination against swine erysipelas using an attenuated-virus vaccine.
1884 New communications on rabies. Communication on pathogenic microbes and attenuated-virus vaccines at the Copenhagen Congress. Pasteur presents the general principle of vaccinations against virulent diseases.
1885 First anti-rabies vaccination on a human being
1887 Elected Permanent Secretary of the Academy of Sciences. Victim of a second stroke. First experiments on the extermination of rabbits in Australia by the microbe of chicken cholera.
1888 Inauguration of the Pasteur Institute
1895 September 28th. Pasteur’s death at Marnes la Coquette.

Source : Pasteur Institute

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